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  • Scoliosis and Spondylolisthesis
    Concerned Patients Resource Scoliosis and Spondylolisthesis BJIOS Orthopaedics Scoliosis and Spondylolisthesis Overview Scoliosis is a sideward curvature of the spine When viewed from the back the protrusions of the spine spinous processes can be seen curved instead of being straight normal The condition is usually reported by the parents of children and adolescences between 10 to 16 years old with girls being more affected than boys Some tell tale signs include the child leaning to one side having uneven shoulders and a more prominent shoulder blade on one side The diagnosis of scoliosis usually consist of an X ray examination to assess the severity of the curve and also to determine the type of scoliosis as stated below Some tell tale signs include the child leaning to one side having uneven shoulders and a more prominent shoulder blade on one side The diagnosis of scoliosis usually consist of an X ray examination to assess the severity of the curve and also to determine the type of scoliosis as stated below Types of Scoliosis Idiopathic scoliosis The most common type of scoliosis It has no specific identifiable cause Congenital scoliosis Caused by a bone abnormality present at birth Neuromuscular scoliosis An

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/scoliosis-spondylolisthesis/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Tennis Elbow and Golfer's Elbow
    Injection Workshop with Novem Healthcare Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource Tennis Elbow and Golfer s Elbow BJIOS Orthopaedics Tennis Elbow and Golfer s Elbow Overview Tennis elbow and Golfer s elbow are caused by overuse of the forearm and hand muscles that results in elbow pain If the pain is on the outside lateral part of the elbow it is condition is called Tennis elbow lateral epicondylitis and if the pain is on the inside medial part of the elbow it is called Golfer s elbow medial epicondylitis It affects the bony area on the either the inside or the outside of the elbow where the muscles and tendons of the forearm are attached to Symptoms Pain around the inside outside of the elbow Pain felt when handling tools and utensils Pain with forceful wrist movements Pain when flexing wrist Golfer s elbow Pain when extending wrist towards the thumb laterally Tennis elbow Treatment The type of treatment depends on the severity of pain along with other factors like age health condition and medical history Most cases do not require surgery For minor pains as the pain comes from small tears along the tendon it needs rest and

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/tennis-golfers-elbow/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Biceps Ruptures
    Novem Healthcare Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource Biceps Ruptures BJIOS Orthopaedics Biceps Ruptures Overview The biceps bicep brachii is a muscle along the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow It has two heads attached to the shoulder scapula and they join to form a single muscle which is attached to the upper part of the forearm A bicep rupture usually occur on the long head which is attached to the shoulder although it can happen at the other two attachment sites Symptoms Sudden onset of pain on the front facing part of the shoulder upon exertion May be accompanied by pop sound Recurrent pain and soreness on the front facing part of the shoulder Palpable mass between shoulder and elbow Causes Rapid stress exertion and excessive weight lifting can cause acute rupture The proximal biceps tendon can also rupture due a weakened tendon caused by inflammation which comes from the impingement of the subacromial region If not given time to recover continuous overuse may then lead to chronic microtrauma which is fraying of the tendon This weakens the tendon hence predisposing it to rupture if not managed or left untreated The distal bicep tendon can rupture

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/bicep-ruptures/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Rheumatoid Disease of the Elbow
    Asia Pacific Society for Foot and Ankle Surgery 3rd Scientific Meeting Lunch Talk with Dr Khong Kok Sun and Dr Peter Lee Yew Chung Myanmar Orthopaedic Society 47th Annual Scientific Meeting Grand Opening Lunch Talk with Dr Winston Chew and Dr Chong Keen Wai 34th Annual Conference of Gujarat Orthopaedic Association Injection Workshop with Novem Healthcare Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource Rheumatoid Disease of the Elbow BJIOS Orthopaedics Rheumatoid Disease of the Elbow Overview There are many forms of arthritis inflammation of the joints one of them is rheumatoid arthritis RA Rheumatoid arthritis is a joint disease where the immune system which protects us from infections mistakenly attacks the synovium the membrane that lines the joints This causes a long term chronic inflammation that affects the joints normally on the upper and lower limbs Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common type of arthritis that occurs in the elbow joint Symptoms Stiffness in the joints that last for hours usually in the morning Red warm swollen joints nodules or lumps around the elbow Muscle aches Tiredness fatigue Causes No known cause for the onset of the disease idiopathic Smoking increases the risk Treatment There are three aspects to treating

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/rheumatoid-disease-elbow/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Limb Salvage Surgery | Elbow and Limb injury treatment
    Dr Winston Chew and Dr Chong Keen Wai 34th Annual Conference of Gujarat Orthopaedic Association Injection Workshop with Novem Healthcare Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource Limb Salvage Tumour Surgery BJIOS Orthopaedics Limb Salvage Tumour Surgery Limb salvage or limb sparing surgery is a treatment for malignant bone tumors Unlike the amputation of the entire limb for malignant bone tumors it gives you a chance to keep the limb

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/limb-salvage/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Trigger Finger & Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery, Microsurgery
    Orthopaedic Association Injection Workshop with Novem Healthcare Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource Trigger Finger BJIOS Orthopaedics Trigger Finger Trigger finger stenosing tenosynovitis is a condition that causes the finger to be locked when it is bent Tendons are bands of tissue that attaches muscles to bones When bending and straightening the finger the tendon slides through the tissue that covers it sheath Due to repetitive and forceful movements the tendons in the finger may become inflamed When this happens it may be stuck in the narrow space of the sheath causing the finger to be locked in the bent position Causes Repetitive movements Forceful movements Affects women more than men Commonly occur in people aged 40 60 years of age Other diseases rheumatoid arthritis diabetes Symptoms Morning finger stiffness Finger momentarily stuck in the bent position and suddenly straightening itself Finger locked in bent position and unable to straighten itself Clicking sensation when bending and straightening the finger A painful bump nodule at the base of the finger Treatment For mild cases the surgeon may simply ask you to rest the finger and also prescribe putting on a splint to allow the affected finger to be immobilised For

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/trigger-finger/ (2016-04-30)
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  • Trigger Finger & Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery, Microsurgery
    I Be Concerned Patients Resource Carpal Tunnel Syndrome BJIOS Orthopaedics Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a hand and wrist condition where the median nerve is compressed This results in symptoms of pain weakness and numbness which may also radiate up to the affected arm The carpal bones and the transverse carpal ligament creates a narrow tunnel known as carpal tunnel This tunnel is a small area where the median nerve and the tendons from flexor muscles of the forearm is housed Due to its fixed area when irritated tendons or other forms of swelling occur the space within it becomes narrowed This in turn compresses the median nerve which controls sensations to the palmar aspect of the thumb and fingers except for the little finger Symptoms Pain of wrist and or hand Numbness of wrist and or hand Weakness of wrist and or hand All three symptoms above may also radiate to the arm Causes Repetitive movements of the wrist Irritated flexor tendons Other existing conditions rheumatoid arthritis diabetes hypothyroidism pregnancy Treatment Treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome is aimed to allow you to regain the normal function in your fingers and hand For mild cases the surgeon might

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/ (2016-04-30)
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  • De Quervain’s Synovitis
    Doc Should I Be Concerned Patients Resource De Quervain s Synovitis BJIOS Orthopaedics De Quervain s Synovitis De Quervain s synovitis is a painful condition affecting the thumb side of the wrist It is caused by the inflammation of the extensor tendons of the thumb Tendons are bands of tissue that attaches muscles to bones There are two extensor tendons attached to the thumb and during straightening of the thumb these tendons slides through the tissue that covers it sheath Due to repetitive and forceful movements the tendons in the thumb may become inflamed When this happens it swells up and take up more space than usual within the narrow space of the sheath causing pain Symptoms Pain felt over the thumb side of the wrist which can radiate up the forearm A painful bump nodule at the thumb side of the wrist Clicking sensation when straightening the thumb Causes Repetitive extension of the thumb Other existing conditions rheumatoid arthritis pregnancy Treatment Treatment for de Quervain s tenosynovitis is aimed to reduce inflammation and to allow you to regain the normal function in your thumb and wrist For mild cases the surgeon might recommend resting the wrist with a splint

    Original URL path: http://www.bjios.sg/patients-resource/de-quervain-synovitis/ (2016-04-30)
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